VIOLENCE PROMOTED THROUGH VIDEO GAMES

  Title: Video Games
Background: Rating video games being positive or negative
Thesis: young children pay excessive attention to video games and unable to bifurcate between the games that have excessive content of violence in them and thus these games have harmful effects on the minds of children.
Examples: types of video games
Positive but violence
Zelda ocarina of time: Combat against evil for example, Skeletons “wolf” - like beasts.
Weapons: Swords, bombs and magic, boomerangs.
Spyro the dragon Tomb: The dragon fire breath and charge are use to vanquish enemies
Kingdom heart, Pacman, Sonic, Mario bros, dynasty warriors
These games build the impression in the minds of the kids that speed is required everywhere. While the kids play with these characters they start believing that to complete all targets speed is needed in every sphere of life.
Some violence
Need for speed: Is a racing video game, with police pursuits and arrests
Gauntlet: Is a fantasy arcade dungeon crawl game.
The characters have their own unique strength and weakness.
The enemies are grunts demons, lobbers, sorcerers and thieves.
There are no bosses but dangerous enemy is Death who is difficult to destroy.
Battle arena, Tekken, Street fighter, bushido Blade
These games show a little bit of violence which is not absorbed in the young minds of the kids. They imbibe the habit of using violent techniques in their life and create a nuisance for the society.

Extreme Violence
Medal of Honor: Extremely realistic and violent military games, this may bother certain family members who are currently serving in the Middle East. The players look down the barrel of a gun and shoot enemies in a realistic fashion. Enemies scream out when killed.
Call of duty games: Call of Duty is a game that takes place during World War II. It is based on combat and the use of simulated firearms. The game follows American and British paratroopers as well as the Red Army. The player has two primary weapon slots, a handgun and 10 grenades. Weapons dropped by dead soldiers on the battlefield may be picked up. The focus of the game is on simulation of the actual battlefield.
The games with extreme violent scenes build the psyche of the kids with these violent behaviors and thus they become violent socially and become dangerous for the society.

Epicenter
Video games that are classified as positive with some violence do not show a great concern for parents and these games are often tagged as ” g” rated because of their mild content. These games are usually safe for kids under the age of six years to play because they do not promote violence on human beings or animals. These games are often times animated with fictional characters such as animals. Video games that contain some violence can be tricky. They are often played by children as young as eight years of age. These games depict and do show the acts of violence against human beings depicted in these games. Games like this usually carry an m rating for mature and should be played by teenagers Video games that have extreme violence are the most dangerous games for young kids. These games are not for any child under the age of sixteen year old and mature enough to not act out scenes from these games in real life.

Children and violent video games:

Each day more and more children are watching and playing video and computer games, especially the violent ones. About half of the violent incidents can result in serious injuries in the real world today. Video games do increase a child’s aggression and can cause anxiety, outbursts and increased violent responses. It will not teach them any morals.
For example:
If you shoot someone in a video game, you don’t go to jail or get punished, you get extra points. This doesn’t mean your child will go out and shoot someone, but they do use more aggressive language and have less ability to control anger. They become less caring or helpful towards their parents.
Violent video games:
Some aggressive behavior / killing/ go on a rampage / fuel violent urge
What morals will the child gain from the violent content?
What is a child learning, playing these games?
Are parents aware of the degree of violence depicted in the games?

Some of the most popular video games have a lot of violence and are not geared for children under a certain age. It is important for parents to monitor the video games their kids play and be aware of the rating of the game before purchase to minimize amount of violence their child sees.
Every type of video game has its own special rating on the cover of its box. When parents become mindful of the ratings of games their children are playing it helps to lessen the thought or even act of crime by young kids and teenagers. As these games are hazardous for the mental ability of kids and they promote violence and use of weapons in the society, thus they shall be monitored by the parents.

             ANALYTICAL ASSESSMENT – THE SOLACE OF OPEN SPACES

Chapter 1:

Gretel Ehrlich has portrayed a visual picture through her texts. She is known to bring out the best in her writings and this I shown in “The solace of open spaces”. The starting of the first chapter opens with the waking up of the author in eth arid region of Wyoming’s desert. The area was known to have extreme temperatures and thus author’s journey of 55miles appear to be very difficult in the desert which becomes hot like an oven in the summers and cold like a refrigerator in the winters. The animals are also habituated to the environment not entirely by adapting to it but rather escaping from. The extreme temperatures have made the journey a lot tougher than what it seemed to the author. The 55 miles journey will be taking much longer than the regular time. The trip will take approximately 5 days because the animals cannot move in the extreme temperatures.

The depiction of nature was very elaborately done by Gretel Ehrlich and she is known to be popular writer for writing about nature. The description was more vivid and lively because of the comparison done to the life of the west which is mostly of solitude. The author however, had to face a tragedy and it was not a pleasant experience so as to travel 55 miles in 5 days as she was without baggage and had to do the work given by John the sheep man. The animals were also reluctant to move in the harsh weather. The terrain was very difficult and it made the author think and introspect. The author has made comparisons from the desert to the city life that westerners lead which is also lived in solidarity. The comparison was made to justify the aloofness of the individuals even in the crowded environment.

Desert is a way of making the author realizes that nature has a way of making the people understand that they are what they want to become. The extension of the desert is to make the people understand that life does not remain comfortable always. The harsh environment is also depicting the hardships of the city life. The author is a nature lover and her personal favorite is the long uninhabited areas of the Wyoming state. She loves to go on journeys with herself in solitude but the current journey was not about solitude it was a constraint and not the ideal season for an escapade like that, rather she was thrown into a situation like that. It is depicted by her being baggage less.

The fact that the animals do not move in the hot climate is the main reason for the slow pace of motion for the whole group. The sheep do not move in the hot climate, it also shows the extreme nature of the environment which persists in the state of Wyoming. The author has to bear with the harsh environment but her observational skills have made her life sustainable for her. She observes the animals to sleep near the sage bush so they are not blown away by the wind that blows in the night. The dogs have developed this habit of sleeping near the sage bush so that they are not blown away by the wind. The author learnt that and decided to sleep near the sage bush. The journey was a new experience and the author depicts the habits of animals as well which shows her love for nature and the related organisms.

The description shows the dedication as well as departure of author from the city life from which she is deprived but that is not affecting her much. The chapter also explores the feeling of the author who thinks that living without comforts is actually a disguise of discomforts. She also observes that silence is the ultimate resource of nature and the answer to almost all the questions. Her escape to silence and solitude has given the time to observe nature which is helpful in her writing as well. The desert is a way of learning about the hardships of life. She also feels that she has lost the appetite for life as she enjoys living in solitude and in the middle of nature, this she known from her experience in the desert.

The chapter explores the varied landscapes of Wyoming in their vivid colors and natural belongings and the author has put a lot of effort to picture every detail of the element in it. The state has extreme climate and this is shown by the behavior of the animals in it. The winds are strong and it was easy that they blew away people and animals. The animals are more instinctive of it and they can adapt themselves according to the vegetation and the climate. The harsh nature is a manifestation of the hardships of life which everybody encounters daily in city life. Author happens to be a nature lover and thus has taken so much effort to explore every detail of it in an unexpected encounter.

The chapter describes the helplessness of human beings to be a part of the mundane city life where they are no more than a workaholic without any life in the conversations. The solitude and silence is the ultimate truth of nature which is best depicted in the desert. The desert has a unique way of bringing in aloneness which is also observed in the cities these days. The vigorous busy niche is carved around every person in the current scenario and people do not have time for even the small conversation. They like to minimize the conversation to a bare minimum which restricts themselves from expressing and opening up. The conversation has decreased from paragraphs to sentences and to mere words in the present scenario.

The depiction of the author getting stranded in a desert is also similar to the stranding of the people living in cities in their own workplace and home. The comparison is done to enhance the effect of minimizing conversation and getting restrained to the respective niche by the people living in cities. The state of Wyoming is also not among the majorly populated one and thus the observation was particular of the place. The place was thus a favorite of the author because she is a nature lover and loves solitude and this is also reflected in her work which is primarily based on the description of nature. Her love of nature and observational solitude is well depicted in the writings.

The author was waked up by the sheep man John who depicts that she also has to work hard and somehow manage with the environment. The description shows the dedication as well as departure of author from the city life from which she is deprived but that is not affecting her much. The chapter also explores the feeling of the author who thinks that living without comforts is actually a disguise of discomforts. She also observes that silence is the ultimate resource of nature and the answer to almost all the questions. Her escape to silence and solitude has given the time to observe nature which is helpful in her writing as well. The desert is a way of learning about the hardships of life. She also feels that she has lost the appetite for life as she enjoys living in solitude and in the middle of nature, this she known from her experience in the desert.
Chapter 2:

            The chapter talks about the history of Wyoming and the stay of author there. She wanted to experiment with her life as she belongs from California and went to make a documentary on sheep herders in Wyoming. The state has a lot to explore and the author find herself enjoying her solitude in the wilderness of the less populated state. The state is less populated and thus has a lot of aloofness within it. Most of the people might not like that about the place but the author finds herself completely enjoying herself. She was filming for a documentary on the sheep herders and thus has the chance of living within the farms etc. she also spent a lot of time in the ranch where she has many memorable moments which she shares in this chapter.

            The chapter has a lot of description of the state and explores every detail of the picturesque part of it. It happens to be the hobby of the narrator as she enjoys being in nature contrary to her previous beliefs when she used to think that she will get bored of the aloofness in Wyoming. The chapter also discusses the ailing husband of the author who happens to be fighting with a dreaded disease and is on the verge of passing but he asked her to go to the work without him. The personal life also has depictions of the solitude and the time has made her alone both from the city life and the in her personal life. She expects herself to be completely lost and lose herself in the work but she seems to enjoy it and that happens to be a pleasant experience for her.

            The chapter explores her feelings and the process through which she goes in order to build her confidence. She has been fond of nature since long and that is depicted in her writings where she elaborates the narration with the beautiful descriptions of the landscapes. She has a lot to share, she enjoyed the stay does not mean that she does not have to bear the hardships, those were part and parcel of the experience. She has learnt to delve into things which look unnerving and scary. she has been into tough situations as ranch life was not easy and it made her go through a lot of tough situations which she was not able to cope with, but eventually they add to her experience. There were phases of turmoil, agony, emotional breakdown and fear but she has never given up as she does not want to.

            The author has had a lot of experiences in the ranch and she has vividly shared them in this chapter. Living is an art of how one contemplates the outcomes and hardships in the situations. She knows that she was going to have a tough time and she was prepared for it and yet she was surprised by the experience which was very enriching. Adjustment in the emotional, psychological and materialistic set up can bring about the necessary change. The author contemplates that it is not about the big things that count, but life is about the tiny pleasures which can be observed in a ranch as well. She has been hurt, suffered injuries, suffered through bad weather conditions and worked much harder than she does in city life. This has made her tougher and thus it has been a learning experience for her. She was able to learn from nature and animals as well.
This chapter also reflects some of the aspects of her personal life as she loses her companion she has many insights about life, people, men, vulnerabilities of individuals and the ultimate power to deal with pressures, agony and emotional turmoil. The author also delves into the aspects of dealing with the problems and the psychological effect they have. There are many aspects of men’s personality, they can be strong and silent and vulnerable too. This insight she got when she had experience of departing with his companion David who used to accompany her in every expedition but was unable to come to Wyoming because of his illness which took his life eventually.

There are many situations in life when one does not want to talk to anyone. They want to be in complete silence, it appears fulfilling, satisfactory and appealing. The author connects this phenomenon with the effect of the geographic vastness. She has been a part of experiencing the ultimate nature and complete silence to observe and introspect which gave her time to enjoy the aloofness too. Geographic vastness is a part of Wyoming as it is a less densely populated state which she liked a lot. There was a connection she felt with the place, as she was a nature lover. The best part of her writings was the presentation of the nature in true picturesque description.

The author connects the geographic vastness as the emotional evolution, she also believed that she has been healed of her problems somewhat and though living on the ranch was a difficult situation yet it taught her many things and moreover, somehow relieved her of some of her stress. The situation was stressful but it was appealing in a better way. The phase was that of growth for the narrator and thus she enjoyed the time in Wyoming. The historical description of Wyoming was also an important part of this chapter as it discussed the fences, isolationist and conservative people who believe that honesty is much stronger cure to things rather than sympathy. Sympathy tends to conceal the reason of pain by consoling but honesty tries to heal the pain while accepting the truth.

The author has many experiences where she can apply this observation, as she has all types of weird experiences on the ranch. She discusses about hermits extended drunks, cabin fever, sheepherders, suicides etc which explains the difficulties of the life there but still there is something soothing and that can be the silence of the wilderness. Many things appear interesting at the surface but as soon as we delve into it they turn into something totally different, Experiences like these are also part of the life and it can also be explained from the experiences she had in the ranch life but eventually if they gave some fulfillment then it is worth having. There are attributes of freedom as well, freedom seekers do all sorts of things to enjoy that feeling of utter freedom but they end up captivating themselves by their own desires. She had experiences where she was tough as well as fragile and tender along with truly fierce.

Living is an art of how one contemplates the outcomes and hardships in the situations. She knows that she was going to have a tough time and she was prepared for it and yet she was surprised by the experience which was very enriching. Adjustment in the emotional, psychological and materialistic set up can bring about the necessary change. The author contemplates that it is not about the big things that count, but life is about the tiny pleasures which can be observed in a ranch as well. She has been hurt, suffered injuries, suffered through bad weather conditions and worked much harder than she does in city life. This has made her tougher and thus it has been a learning experience for her. She was able to learn from nature and animals as well.

Chapter 3:

            The varied experience of the author was depicted and somewhat summarized in this chapter. She experiences a transformation from her previous life to the current life after visiting Wyoming. There were a lot of changes in the two phases. The author recognized her desire to be amongst nature during her stay in the state of Wyoming. She thought herself to be restrained and lonely in that environment but it was far from that. The experience was enriching and thus it was a new experience for her. Her love for open spaces, primitiveness, wilderness and the solitude was unknown to even her before going to Wyoming. The experiences she had made her more mature and competent to deal with her fears and also told her the importance of silence.

            It happens to be the hobby of the narrator as she enjoys being in nature contrary to her previous beliefs when she used to think that she will get bored of the aloofness in Wyoming. The chapter also discusses the ailing husband of the author who happens to be fighting with a dreaded disease and is on the verge of passing but he asked her to go to the work without him. These experiences bring agony and pain and she was trying to pacify herself into getting involved with something interesting and nature to her is the solace for the moment. The personal life also has depictions of the solitude and the time has made her alone both from the city life and the in her personal life. She expects herself to be completely lost and lose herself in the work but she seems to enjoy it and that happens to be a pleasant experience for her.

She also observes that silence is the ultimate resource of nature and the answer to almost all the questions. Her escape to silence and solitude has given the time to observe nature which is helpful in her writing as well. The desert is a way of learning about the hardships of life. She also feels that she has lost the appetite for life as she enjoys living in solitude and in the middle of nature, this she known from her experience in the desert. She has learnt to delve into things which look unnerving and scary. she has been into tough situations as ranch life was not easy and it made her go through a lot of tough situations which she was not able to cope with, but eventually they add to her experience. There were phases of turmoil, agony, emotional breakdown and fear but she has never given up as she does not want to.

The solitude and silence is the ultimate truth of nature which is best depicted in the desert. The desert has a unique way of bringing in aloneness which is also observed in the cities these days. The vigorous busy niche is carved around every person in the current scenario and people do not have time for even the small conversation. They like to minimize the conversation to a bare minimum which restricts themselves from expressing and opening up. The conversation has decreased from paragraphs to sentences and to mere words in the present scenario. The varied experiences she had became the memory which enriched her personality and psychology. She has a lot of new things that she tried for the first time like branding, calving, lambing and herding animals. These are the experiences she never had and it gave her a sense of satisfaction.

The was a lot of philosophical approach indicated in this chapter as the experience was very elaborate and because she loves being near to nature she has enjoyed her stay on the ranch even when it was full of difficulties. Silence can be fulfilling, satisfactory and appealing. The author connects this phenomenon with the effect of the geographic vastness. She has been a part of experiencing the ultimate nature and complete silence to observe and introspect which gave her time to enjoy the aloofness too. Geographic vastness is a part of Wyoming as it is a less densely populated state which she liked a lot. There was a connection she felt with the place, as she was a nature lover. The best part of her writings was the presentation of the nature in true picturesque description.

Another important point discussed in this chapter was the view towards the animals. The author calls it to be the unemotional relationship with animals. She also gave importance to the animals for whatever they do and in whichever ways they were helpful to us. She has also talked about the crises that occur in the ranch like the scarcity of water which was very difficult to deal with making the living conditions worse in that area in that climate. She has written all this in the best possible artistic talent and her writings were a pleasure to read. The work presents a true version from a person who truly loves nature. She has delved into a lot of other aspects of ranching and talked about irrigation and agriculture to be contributory in the maintenance of the ranch. This chapter includes a lot of insights and psychological and philosophical perspectives from the author’s side. The author was very instrumental in depicting the details of her experiences and thus connecting them with the geographic vastness of the Wyoming state.
She discusses about the problems, solutions, pain, happiness, solitude, togetherness and connecting all these emotions to the geographic area that she visited. This chapter was a mixture of the experiences that she had in the lap of nature in Wyoming State. The water crises, dirt, injuries, blood, illness and constant hard work made her grow as an individual. There were a lot of new happenings and a whole new set of emotions she observed in Wyoming which she has never felt in her city life and thus this was a different experience altogether. Her love for nature has shown itself in solitude which was very fulfilling. The entire process made the author feel to be closer to the nature and geographic silence.

There were a lot of changes in the two phases. The author recognized her desire to be amongst nature during her stay in the state of Wyoming. She thought herself to be restrained and lonely in that environment but it was far from that. The experience was enriching and thus it was a new experience for her. Her love for open spaces, primitiveness, wilderness and the solitude was unknown to even her before going to Wyoming. The experiences she had made her more mature and competent to deal with her fears and also told her the importance of silence. She has also talked about the crises that occur in the ranch like the scarcity of water which was very difficult to deal with making the living conditions worse in that area in that climate. She has written all this in the best possible artistic talent and her writings were a pleasure to read. The work presents a true version from a person who truly loves nature. The author contemplates that it is not about the big things that count, but life is about the tiny pleasures which can be observed in a ranch as well.

References:

  1. James Russell Ament, 2011, The Solace of Open Spaces, by Gretel Ehrlich.